Laboratory Recognition per FMC 1278 and FMC 1280 (updated 11/21/2021)

 

All formal design and production validation EMC testing of automotive products for Ford Motor Company (FMC) is performed only by EMC testing laboratories recognized by FMC.  Prior to September 2011, the process used for laboratory recognition was the Automotive EMC Laboratory Recognition Program (AEMCLRP) co-developed by FMC, General Motors (GM) and Fiat/Chrysler (FCA).  However, FMC, GM and FCA collectively agreed to officially terminate AEMCLRP and replace it with a similar "OEM recognition process".  It must be noted that while the OEMs will strive to keep their processes as similar as possible, laboratory recognition will be executed by each OEM independently and will therefore vary somewhat due to differences in OEM specific test methods and other factors.

The information presented describes the process that will be used by FMC for recognition per FMC1278 and FMC 1280 only.  Recognition of additional laboratories for performing testing to either specification is based on a needs-assessment by Ford Motor Company for specific regions.  Please be advised that the recognition program is quite mature therefore addition of new laboratories is infrequent.

Questions and/or comments concerning laboratory recognition shall be forwarded the individuals, listed below, who are responsible for laboratories within their geographical region:

Region

Contact

North/South America, Japan, China, India

Keith Frazier (kfrazie1@ford.com)

Robert Goyette (goyett1@ford.com)

Europe

Ayhan Gunsaya (agunsaya@ford.com)

Martin Harvey (mharvey27@ford.com)

 

Process for Recognition per FMC1278 (New Laboratories)

Step 1: Request for Consideration of Recognition

The laboratory shall contact FMC to request consideration for support of recognition.  The laboratory will also need to present a business case for consideration of recognition. 

For supplier-based laboratories, the supplier product group must work with FMC Design and Release (D&R) contacts to develop business case.  The business case for inclusion is ultimately based on several factors including  # of products provided to FMC, projected volumes and cost savings to FMC.

For independent laboratories, the laboratory shall contact the FMC EMC contact listed above supporting their region.  The business case for inclusion is based on the geographical location of the laboratory relative Ford suppliers and the projected need by Ford for additional EMC testing services.

The laboratory shall also verify that they are accredited to ISO 17025 and include a copy of their scope of accreditation showing inclusion of the base standards listed below.  All information must be in English.  It is preferred that this information be available as a link from the accreditation body’s website.  Accreditation shall be granted by an, ILAC MRA signatory assessment body.  It is neither necessary nor recommended for the laboratory to gain accreditation to FMC specific test methods.  

List of Base Standards Used in FMC EMC Recognition Process

Base Specification Description

Standard

Radiated Emissions Anechoic

IEC CISPR 25

Bulk Current Injection

ISO 11452-4

Radiated Immunity Anechoic

ISO 11452-2

Radiated Immunity Reverb

IEC 61000-4-21

Transient Immunity

ISO 7637-1

ISO 7637-2

Electrostatic Discharge

ISO 10605:

Noise Emissions from Low-Voltage Electrical and Electronic Equipment in the Range of 9 kHz to 40 GHz

ANSI C63.4

Methods of measurement of disturbances and immunity - Conducted disturbance measurements

CISPR 16-2-1

Harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤ 16 A per phase)

IEC61000-3-2

Harmonic currents produced by equipment connected to public low-voltage systems with input current >16 A and ≤ 75 A per phase

IEC 61000-3-12

Voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage supply systems, for equipment with rated current ≤ 16 A per phase and not subject to conditional connection

IEC61000-3-3

Voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage supply systems - Equipment with rated current ≤ 75 A and subject to conditional connection

IEC 61000-3-11

Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test

IEC 61000-4-4

Surge immunity test

IEC61000-4-5

If the business case is accepted and the ISO 17025 Scope of accreditation is complete, the laboratory will be provided a copy of the FMC EMC specifications for self-assessment.  The additional steps must then be completed before recognition may be attained.

Step 2: Self-Assessment and On-site Laboratory Visits

The laboratory shall provide a self-assessment summary of its capabilities to perform testing to FMC requirements, including a listing of any limitations.  The self-assessment shall include a list of equipment available to perform each test method. If deemed acceptable, arrangements for an on-site visit may follow.

The lab shall provide list of personal that will be performing the testing including their education and level of experience.  The laboratory shall also include information about the laboratory supervisor.  The supervisor shall meet one of the following of requirements:

·         NARTE EMC Engineer Certification (provide certification #)

·         B.S.E.E or B.S. Physics degree (or equivalent) plus 5 years technical experience in an EMC laboratory.

·         M.S.E.E. (or equivalent) plus 3 years technical experience in an EMC laboratory.

·         Associates degree in electronics specific discipline (e.g. EET) plus 10 years technical experience in an EMC laboratory.

In addition to the qualification criteria listed above, the laboratory shall verify that the laboratory supervisor is responsible for

·         Laboratory technical operations and training

·         Review and approval of test data and reports

Step 3:  Test Facility Report

If the summary self-assessment is accepted, a detailed EMC test facility report shall be provided which includes, but not limited to, equipment list for each test, laboratory procedures, setup diagrams / test setup photos, performance history plan / data, and an example test report.  FMC will provide details concerning the pro forma of this report.

Step 4:  Performance History

Upon request by FMC, the laboratory shall provide evidence that they are executing a periodic verification of the stability in their test/measurement system for each test method.  This verification procedure must also be clearly defined in the facility report and approved by FMC.

Step 5:  Proficiency Testing

The laboratory may be requested to perform testing at their expense using an artifact specified by FMC.  This includes artifacts including but not limited to those provided by FMC or artifacts owned by the laboratory.  The test results are reviewed and approved by FMC.

It is neither necessary nor recommended for the laboratory to gain accreditation to FMC specific test methods.  Accreditation to FMC test methods will not facilitate recognition by FMC.  Accreditation is granted by an, ILAC MRA signatory assessment body but recognition comes from the FMC.

Existing recognized EMC laboratories are to maintain their accreditation to ISO 17025 inclusive of the relevant international standards (see Step 3, Table 1).  Additional information may be required from the laboratory upon request from FMC.  For example, if FMC test requirements change, issues are reported, or laboratory test setup conditions dramatically change (i.e. new equipment).

FMC reserves the right to suspend the recognition of any laboratory that does not follow the requirements delineated herein in addition to any FMC documented conditions of recognition, specifications and/or processes (e.g. data reporting).  FMC may also elect to terminate recognition of laboratories that are not actively engaged in EMC testing of their related products.